Finally, its taken so long but I've finally done my own Georgia.
Not the U.S. State Georgia, the actual country of Georgia.
A country so full of wonderful history and its own cultural personality that I needed to take my time to make a representation of it.
Hopefully I did well, if there are any issues, be sure to let me know.Country InformationOfficial Country Name: საქართველო/Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia)
Capital: Tbilisi (Official Capital ) and Kutaisi (Legislative Capital and 2nd Largest City)
Largest City: Tbilisi
Languages: Her main language is of course Georgian but she can speak Russian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani slightly.
Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Leader: President Mikheil SaakashviliHuman InformationHuman Name: Ketevan Berishvil
Age Appearance: Twenty years of age
Birthday: May 26th (Independence Day in memory of her independence from the Russian Empire back in 1918, though even after being ruled over again, she has kept it as her birthday)About ThemPersonality: Georgia can be a rather calm girl despite all she's witnessed, although she can and will hold grudges against others. Besides that, she can be rather quiet. Like anyone, she can have a bit of temper although it being a little bit more easily controlled.
Likes: Cooking (Especially Khinkali, the Georgian take on Dumpling), Like most of the other countries she has a big love of football, Music, and Art.
Dislikes: Anyone bringing up Russia, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, or Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Being mistaken as the American state of the same name.
Fears: Being forced under someone's rule again.
Extras: N/APhysical AttributesHair: Short Dark Brown falling barely at her shoulders.
Eyes: Dark Brown
Outfit (Casual): A short sleeve button up forest green shirt with a tan undershirt with the sleeves rolled up, light tan jeans, and dark boots.
Outfit (Military): A dark green bulletproof vest over a camouflage shirt with rolled up sleeves, camouflage pants, and dark brown army boots.
Outfit (Other[s]): A tan work suit with matching skirt and heels for World Meetings.
Anything on your body that represents something in your country?:
* Her Dark brown hair and eyes are meant to represent how most Georgians often have those as hair and eye colors.
* Wears a silver cross under her shirt which represents Eastern Orthodox Christianity religion.Family and Foreign RelationshipsAncestor: Caucasian Iberia (Not the Iberian Peninsula located where Spain and Portugal are, Georgia's parent was too called Iberia, but was know as Caucasian Iberia.)
Friends: Azerbaijan (The best friend she will defend the most. "Whoever opposes Azerbaijan or Georgia is an enemy of both our countries."), Ukraine (One of Georgia's longtime friends, the two have actually known each other since the Middle Ages and their relationship has grown better as they consider each other as strategic partners.), and Poland (Another longtime friend, their friendship has existed since the 15th Century. They've been long time friends, despite short-lived alliances. But even then thet've supported each other through thick and thin.)
Dislikes: Russia (He was formerly one of Georgia's closest friends until 2008 when Georgia broke diplomatic relations with Russia.), Abkhazia and South Ossetia (She won't ever speak of these two)
Pets: A European hamster named Grigol
Potential Love Interest(s): Poland (Their long time friendship and history together could in a way make them seem like a couple.)
Foreign Relationships: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Israel, Japan, Russia, Tueky, Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Italy, Poland, Ukraine, and VanuatuBrief HistoryPast Caretakers: Turkey, Mongolia, Persia, and Russia
History: Georgia came into existence in the Early Medieval times as the Principate of Iberia after the fall of Caucasian Iberia to the Byzantine and Persian empires.
She spent her most of her early days under the rules of multiple countries.
This time was most important to her as she would see the final formation of the Georgian Christian church and the first flourishing of her own native language.
Georgia soon became the Kingdom of Georgia by 1008 AD and would last until she would fall to the hands of both Turkey and Mongolia in 1490 AD.
The time between 1008 to 1490 would be considered her Golden Age.
She would be split into three small kingdoms; Kartli, Kakheti and Imereti which all would later last until 1929.
She might not have been active after her own fall, but she was a constant battleground for the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia.
Her leaders would try to rebel against those who threatened them but ended up surrendering in their own defeat.
By the 17th Century, the nearby Russia had gained an interest in her people's many fights against those who ruled over her. Since Russia was a Christian state like Georgia, her people would increasingly seek Russia for help.
Russia would later help her drive off her controllers which would cause her to become reunified, but it once again cost her the independence she had strived for as she had been annexed to the Russian Empire.
Georgia would be under the Russian Empire for the next one hundred and seventeen years.
Russian rule would offer Georgia's people peace and security from any attack but it would also often be heavy-handed and insensitive to the locals' feelings.
By the late 19th century, discontent with the Russian authorities would lead to a growing national movement. The Russian era would bring unprecedented social and economic change to Georgia herself.
Both peasants and workers would find expression for their discontent through revolts and strikes, which would later result in the revolution of 1905.
Georgia would finally win her independence, not from her people's help, but rather from the collapse of the Russian Empire in World War I.
By 1918 Georgia would become the Democratic Republic of Georgia, what would later be named as the first modern establishment of the Republic of Georgia which was immediately recognized by Germany and the Ottoman Empire.
But once again, trouble would start.
Her relations with her neighbors were very uneasy.
Territorial disputes with Armenia, the White Russian government and Azerbaijan led to armed conflicts.
Other countries tried to calm the situation by thus guarding the new countries by guarding.
Fearing the threat of Russia invading would then bring Georgia and Azerbaijan together in a defense alliance in 1919.
1920 was marked by increasing threats from the Russia. With the defeat of the White movement and the Red Armies' advance to the Caucasus frontiers, her situation became extremely tense. In January, the Soviet leadership offered Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan an alliance against the White armies in South Russia and the Caucasus.
She and her Government both refused to enter any military alliance, referring to her own policy of neutrality and noninterference, but suggested negotiations towards a political settlement of the relations between the two in the hope that this might lead to recognition of Georgia's full independence.
In April 1920, the 11th Red Army established a Soviet regime in the neighboring Azerbaijan, and the Georgian Bolshevik Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze requested permission from Moscow to advance into Georgia.
Georgia's government began their mobilization.
In the meantime, in response to Georgia's alleged provision of assistance to the Azeri nationalist rebellion, Soviet forces attempted to penetrate Georgia's territory, but were repelled by brief border clashes at the Red Bridge. Within a few days, peace talks resumed in Moscow. Under the terms of the controversial Moscow Peace Treaty of May 7th, Georgian independence was recognized in return for the legalization of Bolshevik organizations and a commitment not to allow foreign troops on Georgia's soil.
After being refused entry into the League of Nations on December 16th, 1920, Georgia gained de jure recognition from the Allies on January 27th, 1921. This, however, did not prevent her from being attacked by Soviet Russia a month later.
After Azerbaijan and Armenia had been Sovietized by the Red Army, Georgia now found herself surrounded by hostile Soviet republics. Moreover, as England had already evacuated the Caucasus, and she was left without any foreign support from this new danger.
Relations between Georgia and the Soviet Russia quickly deteriorated over alleged violations of the peace treaty, re-arrests of Georgian Bolsheviks, obstruction of convoys passing through Georgia to Armenia, and a strong suspicion that Georgia was aiding armed rebels in the North Caucasus.
For its part, Georgia accused Russiaof fomenting anti-government riots in various regions of the country, and of provoking border incidents in the Zaqatala region, disputed with the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. The Lorri “neutral zone” was another challenge, as Soviet Armenia categorically demanded that Georgia withdraw the troops that had been stationed in the region since the fall of the Armenian Republic. However, the Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Exile lasted until 1954 continuing to oppose Soviet rule of Georgia.
On November 28, 1917, after the October Revolution in Russia, there was a Transcaucasian Commissariat headed by Mensheviks established in the captial, Tbilisi.
The new Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on February 25th, 1921. On March 2nd of the following year the first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.
From March 12th, 1922 to December 5th, 1936 she was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR until in 1936 when the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period she was led by Lavrentiy Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party.
The Soviet Government forced Georgia to cede several of her own land to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Russia.
In 1936, after the TFSSR was dissolved, Georgia became the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.
By this time, World War Two had begun.
Reaching the Caucasus oilfields was one of the main objectives of the invasion of the USSR in June of 1941, but the armies of the Axis powers did not get as far as Georgia. She would contribute almost 700,000 fighters (350,000 of which were later killed in battle) to the Red Army, and was a vital source of textiles and munitions.
As the Georgian SSR, she was briefly granted some territory until 1957.
Russia's boss' successful appeal for patriotic unity eclipsed Georgian nationalism during the war and diffused it in the years following.
The decentralization program introduced by Khrushchev in the mid-1950s was soon exploited by the Georgian Communist Party officials to build their own regional power base. A thriving pseudo-capitalist shadow economy emerged alongside the official state-owned economy. While the official growth rate of the economy of the Georgia was among the lowest in the USSR, such indicators were the highest in the all of the Union, thus making Georgia one of the most economically successful Soviet republics.
Although corruption was at a high level.
Although corruption was hardly unknown in the Soviet Union, it became so widespread and blatant in Georgia that it came to be an embarrassment to the authorities of Russia. Eduard Shevardnadze, her interior minister between 1964 and 1972, gained a reputation as a fighter of corruption and engineered the removal of Vasil Mzhavanadze, the corrupt First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party. He was an effective and able ruler of Georgia from 1972 to 1985, improving the official economy and dismissing hundreds of corrupt officials.
Soviet power and Georgian nationalism began to clash in 1978 when Russia ordered revision of the constitutional status of the Georgian language as Georgia's official state language. Bowing to pressure from mass street demonstrations on April 14th, 1978, Moscow approved Shevardnadze's reinstatement of the constitutional guarantee the same year.
April 14th would later be established as a Day of the Georgian Language.
Towards the end of the late 1980s, increasingly violent clashes occurred between the authorities, the resurgent Georgian nationalist movement and nationalist movements in Georgia's minority-populated regions.
On April 9th, 1989, Soviet troops were used to break up a peaceful demonstration at the government building in Tbilisi, resulting in the deaths of twenty of Georgia's own people and hundreds more wounded.
This eventually radicalized Georgian politics, prompting many Georgians to conclude that Georgia's independence was more preferable than to continued Soviet rule.
On October 28th, 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15th, she was officially renamed the "Republic of Georgia."
She would then declare independence on April 9th, 1991.
But was unrecognized by the Soviet government until its final collapse in December of 1991.
On August 24th, 1995, on the basis of the constitution of the Georgian Democratic Republic from 1921, a new Constitution of Georgia was adopted on which the country's name changed to Georgia.
Now officially free of any and all, Georgia would set out to try to better herself and her people.
After the bloody exiled of one of her first President, she was launched into a bitter civil war until 1995.
Problems had been brewing with two Georgian regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, who were both supported by Russia and had left Georgia's care.
At the same time, Eduard Shevardnadze would return to Georgia in 1992 and become the second President in 1995.
Many issues started in those few years, all eventually leading up to the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, Russia allied with Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Which led to Georgia's defeat and the recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent republics by Russia and five other countries.
This would also break the ties between Georgia and Russia.
Afterwords, Georgia would maintain that Abkhazia and South Ossetia are under Russian occupation and remain, legally, part of Georgia.
She has gained a lot of support for this position, but prefers if it were not brought up.Base by ~HetaliaSlovenia
Hetalia © Hidekaz Himaruya
Georgia © ~MapleBeer-Shipper